Sunday, November 30, 2014

Field Guide - a simple supplement.

Supplement to the new Taiwan Bird Field Guide.

This is a supplement to the Chinese-language ‘Field Guide of Wild Bird in Taiwan’ published October 2014 by Taipei Wild Bird Society and the Forestry Bureau. ISBN 978-986-04-2555-0 My aim here is to make this already excellent book a bit more useful for non-Chinese readers.

This is version 2 published here January 12th 2015. Later versions will hopefully include more relevant details. Feel free to send suggestions.

Consider combining this field guide with Mark Brazil’s Birds of East Asia (now available as as an e-book with embedded calls), birding reports, the latest Taiwan checklist, and Liao Penshing’s photo books.

  1. Book sections.
  2. Known errors.
  3. Page by page.
  4. Better Index.

Book Sections:

Page 1 to 42 are in in Chinese only. Some of you may wish to remove these pages.
Page 2-5. Introductions from the leaders of the Bird Society, Forestry Bureau, main author and artist.
Page 6-7. How to use the book. Right-hand side of p7 has a guide to pronunciation of uncommon words (Chinese speakers may find useful).
Page 8-13. Contents.
Page 14-19. An introduction to birds and classification.
Page 20-23. Avian Topography.
Page 24-43. Family descriptions
Page 44-417. Individual species description and illustration.
Page 418-419. Exotic species.
Page 420-423. Index of Chinese names.
Page 424-433. Index of English and scientific names.
Page 434-439. Index of Japanese names.
Page 440-450. Checklist of Taiwan birds indicating endemic and protected status (in Chinese)
Page 451. References.

Known errors:
(these are the rare exceptions - otherwise very accurate!)
Page 75. The illustration of Short-tailed Albatross is mislabeled as Long-eared Owl.
Page 75. Red-necked Grebe nonbreeding illustration mislabeled as juvenile.
Page 87. Masked Booby ad. nonbreeding should be ad.
Page 116. Correct dimensions for Crested Goshawk should be L 30-46 cm, M 224-450 g, W 54-79 cm.
Page 128. Eurasian Kestrel subspecies should be interstinctus, not linnaeus or innaeus.
Page 155. Terek Sandpiper back black...tbc
Page 185. Buff-breasted Sandpiper flight tail shape seems odd.
Page 279. Bird in the middle should be labeled as Lesser Short-toed Lark.
Page 282. Grey-throated (as opposed to Gray-throated) Martin IS CORRECT...because...I’m British! See also Page 367 Grey-sided Thrush.
Page 295. The two Japanese Bush-warbler subspecies labels should be reversed.
Page 333. Yellow Tit (and Green-backed) is printed too orange.
Page 361. Blue Whistling-Thrush subspecies is correctly spelled caeruleus.
Page 383. Western Yellow Wagtail subspecies plex should read plexa.
Page 401. Black-faced Bunting subspecies should be spelled personala not personata.
Page 411. Illustrated Eurasian Bullfinch is pyrrhula subspecies.
Page 413. The illustration of Japanese Grosbeak is mislabeled as Common Rosefinch.

Page by page notes:
(to illustrations needing more labeling in English)
Unless otherwise mentioned, I’m moving top to bottom, left to right.

P 50. Tundra Swan, Whooper Swan.

P 80. Bulwer’s Petrel, Short-tailed Shearwater, Sooty Shearwater, Flesh-footed Shearwater, Wedge-tailed Shearwater.

P 88. Great Cormorant, Japanese Cormorant.

P 96. Egret, Night Heron, Ibis, Spoonbill, Crane, Crane.

P 102. Pacific Reef-Heron, Little Egret, Chinese Egret, Cattle Egret, Intermediate Egret, Great Egret.

P 110. Osprey (shallow ‘m’), White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Falcon, Crested Serpent-Eagle (shallow ‘v’), Mountain Hawk Eagle, Oriental Honey-buzzard, Eastern Marsh-Harrier and Common Buzzard (deep ‘v’), Black Eagle.

P 128. Eurasian Hobby (top left), Amur Falcon (middle), Peregrine Falcon (bottom left), Merlin (top right), Eurasian Kestrel (bottom right).

P 140. Demoiselle Crane, Common Crane.

P 142. (top, then anti-clockwise) Demoiselle Crane, Hooded Crane, White-naped Crane, Red-crowned Crane, Common Crane.

P 159. Grey-tailed Tattler: white supercilium extending beyond eye. Wandering Tattler: supercilium only in front of eye, contrasts with eyestripe.  

P 160. Common Redshank, Spotted Redshank.

P 196. Laughing Gull, Franklin’s Gull.

P 214. Non breeding plumage: Gull-billed Tern, Common Tern, Little Tern, Whiskered Tern.

P 216. Non-breeding plumage: Black Tern, White-winged Tern, Whiskered Tern.

P 258. Ryukyu Minivet, Ashy Minivet, Brown-rumped Minivet.

P 264. Long-tailed Shrike schach subspecies intermediate and dark morph on Kinmen Islands.

P 280. Skylark, Oriental Skylark.

P289. Bottom left Light-vented Bulbul: Dongyin (a Matsu island) race white bandana small, darker breast.  

P 298. Dusky Warbler: supercilium front white, buff behind, bill fine; Radde’s Warbler: supercilium front broader, rear finer, bill short and thick. Yellow-streaked Warbler: supercilium uniform, bill more pointed and finer than Radde’s.   

P 353. Flying birds are Black Redstart, Daurian Redstart.

P 384. Inset shows median coverts of Richard’s Pipit and Blyth’s Pipit.

Better Index.

A more user friendly index is now available on the Taipei Bird Society’s website here. In excel format - can someone help me reformat this into handy printable version? The section for combined English/Scientific names is under the middle tab.

Monday, October 27, 2014

The new Taiwan Bird Field Guide

The new field guide (in Chinese) for Taiwan birds has just been published. Confident it will be the default guide for any birder here. See details below for purchasing.
Years in the making, sample books were available for inspection at the Taipei Birdfair this past weekend, actual delivery only starts November 7th.  Photos taken with cell-phone - and authors' permission. First impressions:

First thing to emphasize is that the main text is in Chinese (remember 99% of birding done here is by local birders). As well as the painted plates, non-Chinese readers can make use of highlighted key marks and size indicators. Each species and variant is labeled in English. Some foreign birders may still wish to supplement it with Mark Brazil's The Birds of East Asia, Liao Bensing’s rather good photographic books, and the latest checklist. Without having much time to carefully study/use it yet, the artwork seems very good and of a standard meeting, or exceeding, that of international publishers. No other book illustrates the endemics and relevant endemic/resident/visiting subspecies better. Well done to all involved in producing this!

The only fault I found is the clumsy English title - thankfully the focus was on the internal content! Range maps of little use.

Comprehensive coverage of main island and offshore islands (Matsu, Lanyu, Kinmen etc).
637 birds fully illustrated, with another 11 escapees in a condensed double plate.
Satisfactory combined scientific/English name index.
Published by Taipei Wild Bird Society with the Forestry Bureau. ISBN 9789860425550
Field Guide of Wild Bird in Taiwan [sic] Mu-Chi Hsiao (main author), Cheng-Lin Li (artist).
Large pocket size, 680 grams (foreign birders may wish to remove pages in Chinese introducing bird families, taxonomy etc).
Well bound, printed on quality paper etc. Flexible cover, 451 pages.

It is available from Taipei Bird Society and other bird societies for around NT$ 1,200. I am happy to mail it directly worldwide. UK, US, AUS etc US$ 58 (or UK£37); east Asia (Sing, Japan, HK etc) US$ 49. This includes packing, airmail postage (expect arrival within 1 week to the UK), and a useful map of the country. Send payment to PayPal account including your correct address.

To make this book more useful for foreign birders - in a month or so I will prepare a supplement translating key text to tricky species etc. Suggestions welcome.

Sunday, August 31, 2014

2014 Checklist, Calender, & Birdfair

Too, too long since the last post here. A quick catch-up.

1. 2014 Checklist.
2. Events coming soon.
3. Other notes from the British Birdfair.

1. Checklist.
The latest official Taiwan checklist from the local bird federation has been published. 17 new species accepted. Grey-cheeked Fulvetta split. I suspect a couple more, such as the Bamboo Partridge, are on the cusp of also being recognized as full endemics.

2. Upcoming events.
If you know of other details that should be here, please email me.

Kenting Raptor Migration Festival
October 10-12.

Taiwan Field Guide
October. Completely new Chinese-language version published. May be sooner - or later.

Taiwan Birdathon
November 1-2.
Foreign teams warmly welcomed.

Asian Bird Fair
November 29-30. Langkawi, Malaysia.

Taipei Birdfair
October 25-26. Guandu, Taipei City.

Dasyueshan Bird Race
April 24-26, 2015

Raptor Festival
April 2015. Baguashan and Guanyinshan.

3. British Birdfair.
I attended the Birdfair at Rutland last month. Here is a review of some of the messages I was trying to get across.

Other than just birds, birds, birds - Taiwan has:

High biodiversity - over 80 endemic and endemic subspecies. On the East Asian - Australasian flyway.

A diversity of butterflies and dragonflies. Alpine to tropical flora...and all in a compact area.

Good infrastructure - roads, accommodation etc. No visas needed.

Safe - low crime, no* leeches, malaria, dengue or rabies. Clean,good hygiene and healthcare.
*...well effectively none!

Great habitats - extensive well-protected mountain forest and wetlands.

Year-round birding, on good trails or roadside. Excellent scenery and other natural distractions.

People - friendly, conservation-minded, and interested in nature. A twitching scene.

Free, democratic, progressive society with an interesting traditional culture.

Birding/Nature companies visiting Taiwan.
Zoothera Birding
Bird Tour Asia
Legacy Tours
Eagle-eye Tours
Tropical Birding

Other Taiwan Guides.

Mr. Hsu, Yen-Hui
Mr Hung Kuan-Chieh
Mr. Jian, Kuen Dar
Mr. Tsai, Mu-Chi
Mr. Kao, Lin Chu
Mr. Philip Kuo
Mr. Wu, Shumit
Miss Lai, Mei Sho
Natural Kingdom Ms. Chen Chia-en
Wayne Hsu

Monday, December 30, 2013

2013 Highlights

2013 Highlights
Slaty-legged Crake - pleased to find reliable spot.

Anyone who has spent time with me will know I am proud of Taiwan, and the Taiwanese way of dealing with most things. Large tracts of Taiwan are in pristine condition, and many Taiwanese have a progressive attitude to conservation issues.

You will also know I voice lots of criticism - so I am delighted that 2013 saw the release of the documentary-movie Beyond Beauty: Taiwan From Above that so vividly highlights challenges to Taiwan’s environment. It has been the trigger for much debate and ‘action’. Please go see it, it has relevance anywhere we humans touch, not just Taiwan.

Chinese Thrush spotted in Wulai,
3rd record of Taiwan. Not my photo.
Well funded, top directors, and breaking records at the box office it ranks with the likes of Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth and Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring as a wake up call for change. Filmed entirely from the air, it starts and ends with dazzling views of Taiwan. But this is not pretty tourism-promoting propaganda, complex issues are tackled: pollution, over-development, resource extraction, production, transport, emissions, energy use, and most importantly our connection to it all.

I hope this stunning film, warts and all, brings changes in 2014 and beyond.
A Baer's Pochard. Found twice in December. Chuffed!

...and to all the other resident and visiting birds (and birders). Happy New Year!

Friday, December 20, 2013

Dasyueshan Flora

I will review recent birding highlights (multiple Baer’s Pochard, and Thrushes: Chinese, Japanese, and Naumann’s) in the next post. First plants.

Dasyueshan Flora

Taiwan has a variety of great places for forest birding. The best known is Dasyueshan (aka Daxueshan, Big Snow Mountain, Anmashan) Forest Area. As well as being home to most of the endemic birds it is not bad for some plants!

This list of plants occurring in Dasyueshan is based upon personal experience, and several Chinese-language reports. Mostly relates to plants found alongside the main road and trails from the 23km mark toll station area to the end of the road at the 50 km mark, but is relevant for areas above the 15 km (1,000 meter elevation) police station. Obviously there will be a lot of overlap with other mid-high elevation areas in Taiwan. Includes native and exotic species, arranged by family.

Excludes ferns and allies - compiling separate list! Will be downloadable as pdf soon. Hope to review and enrich this post...also soon. Maybe a simple guide too… Country-wide botanical tours available


  • Cephalotaxus wilsoniana Hayata

  •  Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz var. formosana (Florin) Cheng & L.K. Fu.
  •  Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum.
  •  Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. & Zucc. var. formosana (Hayata) Rehder
  •  Juniperus chinensis Linn var. kaizuka Hort. ex Endl.
  •  Juniperus formosana Hayata

  •  Abies kawakamii (Hayata) Ito
  •  Picea morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Pinus mastersiana Hayata
  •  Pinus morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Pinus taiwanensis Hayata
  •  Pseudotsuga wilsoniana Hayata
  •  Tsuga formosana Hayata

  •  Podocarpus fasciculus de Laubenfels

  •  Cunninghamia konishii Hayata
  •  Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
  •  Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng
  •  Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata


  •  Strobilanthes cusia (Ness) Kuntze
  •  Strobilanthes flexicaulis Hayata  

  •  Acer insulare Makino var. caudatifolium (Hayata) S. Y. Lu & Y. P. Yang, comb. & stat. nov.
  •  Acer rubescens Hayata
  •  Acer serrulatum Hayata

  •  Actinidia callosa Lindl. var. callosa
  •  Actinidia chinensis Planch. var. setosa Li

  •  Rhus ambigua Lav. ex Dipped.

  •  Cryptotaenia japonica Hassk.
  •  Hydrocotyle setulosa Hayata
  •  Sanicula lamelligera Hance

  •  Hoya carnosa (L. f.) R. Brown
  •  Marsdenia formosana Masam.
  •  Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lemaire

  •  Ilex bioritsensis Hayata
  •  Ilex hayataiana Loes.
  •  Ilex pedunculosa Miq.
  •  Ilex tugitakayamensis Sasaki
  •  Ilex yunnanensis Fr. var. parvifolia (Hayata) S. Y. Hu

  •  Aralia bipinnata Blanco
  •  Aralia decaisneana Hance
  •  Dendropanax dentiger (Harms ex Diels) Merr.
  •  Fatsia polycarpa Hayata
  •  Hedera rhombea (Miq.) Bean var. formosana (Nakai) Li
  •  Schefflera taiwaniana (Nakai) Kanehira

  •  Ainsliaea latifolia (D. Don) Sch. Bip. subsp. henryi (Diels) H. Koyama
  •  Anaphalis morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Artemisia indica Willd.
  •  Aster taiwanensis Kitam.
  •  Bidens bipinnata L.
  •  Bidens pilosa L. var. pilosa
  •  Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata Sch.
  •  Carpesium nepalense Less.
  •  Cirsium arisanense Kitam.
  •  Cirsium kawakamii Hayata
  •  Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.
  •  Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. canadensis
  •  Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore
  •  Dichrocephala integrifolia (L. f.) Kuntze
  •  Eupatorium cannabinum L. var. asiaticum Kitam.
  •  Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam. var. formosanum (Hayata) Kitam.
  •  Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav.
  •  Gnaphalium hypoleucum DC. var. hypoleucum
  •  Helianthus annuus L.
  •  Hypochaeris radicata L.
  •  Ixeridium laevigatum (Blume) J. H. Pak & Kawano
  •  Leucanthemum vulgare H. J. Lam.
  •  Myriactis humilis Merr.
  •  Picris hieracioides L. subsp. morrisonensis (Hayata) Kitam.
  •  Saussurea deltoidea (DC.) C. B. Clarke
  •  Senecio nemorensis L. var. dentatus (Kitam.) H. Koyama
  •  Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. var. scandens
  •  Solidago virgaurea L. var. leiocarpa (Benth.) A. Gray
  •  Sonchus asper (L.) Hill
  •  Youngia japonica (L.) DC. subsp. japonica

  •    Balanophora laxiflora Hemsl. ex Forbes & Hemsl

  •  Impatiens uniflora Hayata

  •  Berberis kawakamii Hayata

  •  Alnus formosana (Burkill ex Forbes & Hemsl.) Makino

  •  Cynoglossum alpestre Ohwi

  •  Cardamine flexuosa With.
  •  Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern

  •  Lobelia nummularia Lam.
  •  Wahlenbergia marginata (Thunb.) A. DC.

  •  Lonicera acuminata Wall.
  •  Sambucus chinensis Lindl.
  •  Viburnum foetidum Wall. var. rectangulatum (Graebner) Rehder
  •  Viburnum sympodiale Graebner
  •  Viburnum urceolatum Sieb. et Zucc.

  •  Cerastium arisanensis Hayata
  •  Silene baccifera (L.) Roth
  •  Stellaria media (L.) Cyrill var. media

  •  Celastrus hindsii Benth.
  •  Euonymus spraguei Hayata
  •  Perrottetia arisanensis Hayata

  •  Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murray

  •  Sedum mexicanum Britt.

  •  Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino

  •  Elaeocarpus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc.

  •  Gaultheria cumingiana Vidal
  •  Gaultheria itoana Hayata
  •  Lyonia ovalifolia (Wall.) Drude var.ovalifolia
  •  Pieris taiwanensis Hayata
  •  Rhododendron breviperulatum Hayata
  •  Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl.
  •  Rhododendron kawakamii Hayata
  •  Rhododendron latoucheae== Franch. & Finet
  •  Rhododendron oldhamii Maxim.
  •  Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum Hayata
  •  Rhododendron rubropilosum Hayata var. rubropilosum
  •  Vaccinium bracteatum Thunb.
  •  Vaccinium emarginatum Hayata
  •  Vaccinium japonicum Miq. var. lasiostemon Hayata
  •  Vaccinium randaiense Hayata

  •  Desmodium sequax Wall.
  •  Trifolium pratense L.
  •  Trifolium repens L.
  •  Vicia dasycarpa Ten.
  •  Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh.

  •  Castanopsis carlesii (Hemsl.) Hayata
  •  Lithocarpus amygdalifolius (Skain ex Forbes & Hemsl.) Hayata
  •  Lithocarpus kawakamii (Hayata) Schottky
  •  Quercus glauca Thunb. ex Murray
  •  Quercus morii Hayata
  •  Quercus stenophylloides Hayata

  •  Idesia polycarpa Maxim.

  •  Corydalis ophiocarpa Hook. f. & Thoms.

  •  Gentiana arisanensis Hayata
  •  Gentiana davidii Franch. var. formosana (Hayata) T. N. Ho
  •  Tripterospermum cordifolium (Yamamoto) Satake
  •  Tripterospermum lanceolatum (Hayata) Hara ex Satake
  •  Tripterospermum taiwanense (Masam.) Satake

  •  Hemiboea bicornuta (Hayata) Ohwi
  •  Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. var. pauciflorus

  •  Illicium anisatum L.

  •  Juglans cathayensis Dode

  •  Clinopodium chinense (Benth.) Kuntze
  •  Clinopodium gracile (Benth.) Kuntze
  •  Clinopodium laxiflorum (Hayata) Mori var. laxiflorum
  •  Melissa axillaris (Benth.) Bakh. f.

  •  Stauntonia obovatifoliola Hayata

  •  Litsea acuminata (Bl.) Kurata
  •  Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Persoon
  •  Litsea elongata (Wall. ex Nees) Benth. & Hook. f. var. mushaensis (Hayata) J. C. Liao
  •  Machilus kusanoi Hayata
  •  Machilus thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Neolitsea acuminatissima (Hayata) Kanehira & Sasaki
  •  Neolitsea variabilima (Hayata) Kanehira & Sasaki

  •  Scurrula lonicerifolia (Hayata) Danser
  •  Viscum angulatum Heyne
  •  Viscum articulatum Burm.

  •  Michelia compressa (Maxim.) Sargent var. formosana Kaneh.

  •  Hibiscus syriacus L.

  •  Barthea barthei (Hance) Krass
  •  Sarcopyramis napalensis Wall. var. delicata (C. B. Robinson) S. F. Huang & T. C. Huang

  •  Myrica rubra (Lour.) Sieb. & Zucc.

  •  Ardisia crenata Sims
  •  Maesa japonica (Thunb.) Moritzi ex Zoll.
  •  Myrsine africana L.

  •  Osmanthus lanceolatus Hayata

  •  Epilobium amurense Hausskn. subsp. amurense

  •  Oxalis corniculata L.
  •  Oxalis corymbosa DC.

  •  Peperomia reflexa (L. f.) A. Dietr.

  •  Pittosporum illicioides Makino var. angustifolium Huang ex Lu
  •  Pittosporum illicioides Makino var. illicioides

  •  Plantago major L.

  •  Polygala tatarinowii Regel

  •  Polygonum chinense L. var. chinense
  •  Polygonum longisetum De Bruyn
  •  Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. ex Murray var. hypoleucum (Ohwi) Liu, Ying & Lai
  •  Polygonum nepalense Meisn.
  •  Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
  •  Polygonum senticosum (Meisn.) Fr. & Sav.
  •  Polygonum thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Polygonum yunnanense Leveille
  •  Rumex crispus L. var. japonicus (Houtt.) Makino

  •  Primula miyabeana Ito & Kawakami

  •  Pyrola morrisonensis (Hayata) Hayata

  •  Anemone vitifolia Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
  •  Clematis henryi Oliv. var. henryi
  •  Clematis meyeniana Walp.
  •  Ranunculus cantoniensis DC.

  •  Rhamnus chingshuiensis Shimizu var. tashanensis Liu & Wang

  •  Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai f. deflexa
  •  Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.
  •  Fragaria hayatai Makino
  •  Malus doumeri (Bois.) Chev. C. R. Ac. Sc.
  •  Photinia serratifolia (Desf.) Kalkman
  •  Prunus campanulata Maxim.
  •  Prunus mume (Sieb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Prunus phaeosticta (Hance) Maxim.
  •  Pyrus serotina Rehder
  •  Prunus taiwaniana Hayata
  •  Rosa transmorrisonensis Hayata
  •  Rubus corchorifolius L. f.
  •  Rubus croceacanthus Lévl. var. glaber Koidz.
  •  Rubus formosensis Ktze.
  •  Rubus mesogaeus Focke
  •  Rubus pectinellus Maxim.
  •  Rubus pungens Camb. var. pungens
  •  Rubus pyrifolius J. E. Sm.
  •  Rubus rolfei Vidal
  •  Rubus taitoensis Hayata var. aculeatiflorus (Hayata) H. Ohashi & Hsieh
  •  Rubus trianthus Focke

  •  Damnacanthus angustifolius Hayata
  •  Damnacanthus indicus Gaertn.
  •  Galium echinocarpum Hayata
  •  Galium formosense Ohwi
  •  Nertera granadense (Mutis ex L. f.) Druce
  •  Ophiorrhiza japonica Blume
  •  Rubia lanceolata Hayata

  •  Boenninghausenia albiflora Reichenb.
  •  Tetradium glabrifolium (Champ. ex Benth.) T. Hartley
  •  Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
  •  Zanthoxylum scandens Bl.

  •  Astilbe longicarpa (Hayata) Hayata
  •  Deutzia pulchra Vidal
  •  Hydrangea angustipetala Hayata
  •  Hydrangea integrifolia Hayata ex Matsum. & Hayata
  •  Hydrangea longifolia Hayata
  •  Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Ser.
  •  Saxifraga stolonifera Meerb.

  •  Sabia transarisanensis Hayata

  •  Salix fulvopubescens Hayata var. fulvopubescens

  •  Kadsura japonica (L.) Dunal
  •  Schisandra arisanensis Hayata

  •  Digitalis purpurea L.
  •  Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall. ex Benth.) Makino
  •  Euphrasia transmorrisonensis Hayata
  •  Hemiphragma heterophyllum Wall.

  •  Lycianthes lysimachioides (Wall.) Bitter
  •  Solanum americanum Miller
  •  Solanum nigrum L.

  •  Stachyurus himalaicus Hook. f. & Thomson ex Benth.

  •  Symplocos arisanensis Hayata
  •  Symplocos heishanensis Hayata
  •  Symplocos morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Symplocos stellaris Brand
  •  Symplocos wikstroemiifolia Hayata

  •  Adinandra formosana Hayata
  •  Adinandra lasiostyla Hayata
  •  Camellia transnokoensis Hayata
  •  Cleyera japonica Thunb. var. longicarpa (Yamamoto) Ling & Hsieh
  •  Cleyera japonica Thunb. var. morii (Yamamoto) Masam.
  •  Eurya glaberrima Hayata var. glaberrima
  •  Eurya gnaphalocarpa Hayata
  •  Eurya hayatae Yamamoto
  •  Eurya leptophylla Hayata
  •  Eurya loquaiana Dunn
  •  Eurya strigillosa Hayata
  •  Gordonia axillaris (Roxb.) Dietr.
  •  Schima superba Gard. & Champ. var. superba
  •  Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arn.) Sprague

  •  Trochodendron aralioides Sieb. & Zucc.

  •  Ulmus uyematsui Hayata
  •  Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino

  •  Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen
  •  Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. majus Wedd.
  •  Elatostema microcephalanthum Hayata
  •  Gonostegia hirta (Bl.) Miq.
  •  Lecanthus peduncularis (Wall. ex Royle) Wedd.
  •  Oreocnide pedunculata (Shirai) Masam.
  •  Pilea angulata (Bl.) Bl.
  •  Pilea aquarum Dunn subsp. brevicornuta (Hayata) C. J. Chen
  •  Pilea funkikensis Hayata
  •  Pilea plataniflora C. H. Wright
  •  Urtica thunbergiana Sieb. & Zucc.

  •  Callicarpa formosana Rolfe var. formosana
  •  Callicarpa randaiensis Hayata

  •  Viola confusa Champ. ex Benth.
  •  Viola diffusa Ging.
  •  Viola formosana Hayata var. formosana
  •    Viola mandshurica W. Becker

  • Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Mom. var. hancei (Planch.) Mom.
  • Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep.
  • Tetrastigma umbellatum (Hemsl.) Nakai


  • Arisaema consanguineum Schott
  • Arisaema formosanum (Hayata) Hayata
  • Arisaema taiwanense J. Murata

  • Carex baccans Nees
  • Trichophorum subcapitatum (Thwaites & Hook.) D. A. Simpson

  • Iris formosana Ohwi

  • Juncus effusus L.
  • Juncus triflorus Ohwi

  • Aletris formosana Hayata
  • Hemerocallis fulva L. var. aurantiacea (Baker) Hotta
  • Lilium longiflorum Thunb. var. formosanum Baker
  • Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don

  • Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw.
  • Epigeneium nakaharai (Schltr.) Surnmerh.
  • Platanthera brevicalcarata Hayata

  • Bromus catharticus Vahl
  • Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
  • Miscanthus sinensis Andersson
  • Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv.
  • Poa annua L.
  • Yushania niitakayamensis (Hayata) Keng f.

  • Heterosmilax indica A. DC.
  • Smilax china L. *
  • Smilax menispermoidea subsp. randaiensis (Hayata) T. Koyama *
  • Smilax vaginata Decne. *