Monday, October 27, 2014

The new Taiwan Bird Field Guide

The new field guide (in Chinese) for Taiwan birds has just been published. Confident it will be the default guide for any birder here. See details below for purchasing.
 
Years in the making, sample books were available for inspection at the Taipei Birdfair this past weekend, actual delivery only starts November 7th.  Photos taken with cell-phone - and authors' permission. First impressions:


First thing to emphasize is that the main text is in Chinese (remember 99% of birding done here is by local birders). As well as the painted plates, non-Chinese readers can make use of highlighted key marks and size indicators. Each species and variant is labeled in English. Some foreign birders may still wish to supplement it with Mark Brazil's The Birds of East Asia, Liao Bensing’s rather good photographic books, and the latest checklist. Without having much time to carefully study/use it yet, the artwork seems very good and of a standard meeting, or exceeding, that of international publishers. No other book illustrates the endemics and relevant endemic/resident/visiting subspecies better. Well done to all involved in producing this!


The only fault I found is the clumsy English title - thankfully the focus was on the internal content! Range maps of little use.


Comprehensive coverage of main island and offshore islands (Matsu, Lanyu, Kinmen etc).
637 birds fully illustrated, with another 11 escapees in a condensed double plate.
Satisfactory combined scientific/English name index.
Published by Taipei Wild Bird Society with the Forestry Bureau. ISBN 9789860425550
Field Guide of Wild Bird in Taiwan [sic] Mu-Chi Hsiao (main author), Cheng-Lin Li (artist).
Large pocket size, 680 grams (foreign birders may wish to remove pages in Chinese introducing bird families, taxonomy etc).
Well bound, printed on quality paper etc. Flexible cover, 451 pages.
 


It is available from Taipei Bird Society and other bird societies for around NT$ 1,200. I am happy to mail it directly worldwide. UK, US, AUS etc US$ 65 (or UK£40); east Asia (Sing, Japan, HK etc) US$ 59. This includes packing, airmail postage (expect arrival within 1 week to the UK), and a useful map of the country. Send payment to PayPal account sinoflump@hotmail.com including your correct address.

To make this book more useful for foreign birders - in a month or so I will prepare a supplement translating key text to tricky species etc. Suggestions welcome.











Sunday, August 31, 2014

2014 Checklist, Calender, & Birdfair

Too, too long since the last post here. A quick catch-up.


1. 2014 Checklist.
2. Events coming soon.
3. Other notes from the British Birdfair.


1. Checklist.
The latest official Taiwan checklist from the local bird federation has been published. 17 new species accepted. Grey-cheeked Fulvetta split. I suspect a couple more, such as the Bamboo Partridge, are on the cusp of also being recognized as full endemics.


2. Upcoming events.
If you know of other details that should be here, please email me.


Kenting Raptor Migration Festival
October 10-12.


Taiwan Field Guide
October. Completely new Chinese-language version published. May be sooner - or later.


Taiwan Birdathon
November 1-2.
Foreign teams warmly welcomed.


Asian Bird Fair
November 29-30. Langkawi, Malaysia.


Taipei Birdfair
October 25-26. Guandu, Taipei City.


Dasyueshan Bird Race
April 24-26, 2015


Raptor Festival
April 2015. Baguashan and Guanyinshan.


3. British Birdfair.
I attended the Birdfair at Rutland last month. Here is a review of some of the messages I was trying to get across.


Other than just birds, birds, birds - Taiwan has:


High biodiversity - over 80 endemic and endemic subspecies. On the East Asian - Australasian flyway.


A diversity of butterflies and dragonflies. Alpine to tropical flora...and all in a compact area.


Good infrastructure - roads, accommodation etc. No visas needed.


Safe - low crime, no* leeches, malaria, dengue or rabies. Clean,good hygiene and healthcare.
*...well effectively none!


Great habitats - extensive well-protected mountain forest and wetlands.


Year-round birding, on good trails or roadside. Excellent scenery and other natural distractions.


People - friendly, conservation-minded, and interested in nature. A twitching scene.


Free, democratic, progressive society with an interesting traditional culture.


Birding/Nature companies visiting Taiwan.
Zoothera Birding
Greentours
Naturetrek
Rockjumper
BirdingBreaks.nl
Limosa
Wings/Sunbird
BirdingEcotours
Bird Tour Asia
Birding2Asia
Birdfinders
Wings
Legacy Tours
BirdHolidays
Birdquest
Eagle-eye Tours
Tropical Birding


Other Taiwan Guides.


Mr. Hsu, Yen-Hui  yenhui14@gmail.com
Mr Hung Kuan-Chieh helapiz@gmail.com
Mr. Jian, Kuen Dar kuendar@hotmail.com
Mr. Tsai, Mu-Chi  sibia.tsai@gmail.com
Mr. Kao, Lin Chu kaolin818@yahoo.com.tw
Mr. Philip Kuo avocet@url.com.tw
Mr. Wu, Shumit hwct5120@ms9.hinet.net
Miss Lai, Mei Sho mechile@ms72.hinet.net
Birding@Taiwan info@birdingattaiwan.com
Natural Kingdom Ms. Chen Chia-en natural.express@msa.hinet.net
Wayne Hsu  fbmagpie@gmail.com

Monday, December 30, 2013

2013 Highlights

2013 Highlights
Slaty-legged Crake - pleased to find reliable spot.

 
Anyone who has spent time with me will know I am proud of Taiwan, and the Taiwanese way of dealing with most things. Large tracts of Taiwan are in pristine condition, and many Taiwanese have a progressive attitude to conservation issues.

 
You will also know I voice lots of criticism - so I am delighted that 2013 saw the release of the documentary-movie Beyond Beauty: Taiwan From Above that so vividly highlights challenges to Taiwan’s environment. It has been the trigger for much debate and ‘action’. Please go see it, it has relevance anywhere we humans touch, not just Taiwan.

 
Chinese Thrush spotted in Wulai,
3rd record of Taiwan. Not my photo.
Well funded, top directors, and breaking records at the box office it ranks with the likes of Al Gore’s An Inconvenient Truth and Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring as a wake up call for change. Filmed entirely from the air, it starts and ends with dazzling views of Taiwan. But this is not pretty tourism-promoting propaganda, complex issues are tackled: pollution, over-development, resource extraction, production, transport, emissions, energy use, and most importantly our connection to it all.

 
I hope this stunning film, warts and all, brings changes in 2014 and beyond.
A Baer's Pochard. Found twice in December. Chuffed!


 
...and to all the other resident and visiting birds (and birders). Happy New Year!
 
 

Friday, December 20, 2013

Dasyueshan Flora

I will review recent birding highlights (multiple Baer’s Pochard, and Thrushes: Chinese, Japanese, and Naumann’s) in the next post. First plants.


Dasyueshan Flora



Taiwan has a variety of great places for forest birding. The best known is Dasyueshan (aka Daxueshan, Big Snow Mountain, Anmashan) Forest Area. As well as being home to most of the endemic birds it is not bad for some plants!


This list of plants occurring in Dasyueshan is based upon personal experience, and several Chinese-language reports. Mostly relates to plants found alongside the main road and trails from the 23km mark toll station area to the end of the road at the 50 km mark, but is relevant for areas above the 15 km (1,000 meter elevation) police station. Obviously there will be a lot of overlap with other mid-high elevation areas in Taiwan. Includes native and exotic species, arranged by family.


Excludes ferns and allies - compiling separate list! Will be downloadable as pdf soon. Hope to review and enrich this post...also soon. Maybe a simple guide too… Country-wide botanical tours available TaiwanEcotours@gmail.com


Gymnosperms


Cephalotaxaceae
  • Cephalotaxus wilsoniana Hayata


Cupressaceae
  •  Calocedrus macrolepis Kurz var. formosana (Florin) Cheng & L.K. Fu.
  •  Chamaecyparis formosensis Matsum.
  •  Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. & Zucc. var. formosana (Hayata) Rehder
  •  Juniperus chinensis Linn var. kaizuka Hort. ex Endl.
  •  Juniperus formosana Hayata


 Pinaceae
  •  Abies kawakamii (Hayata) Ito
  •  Picea morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Pinus mastersiana Hayata
  •  Pinus morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Pinus taiwanensis Hayata
  •  Pseudotsuga wilsoniana Hayata
  •  Tsuga formosana Hayata


 Podocarpaceae
  •  Podocarpus fasciculus de Laubenfels


 Taxodiaceae
  •  Cunninghamia konishii Hayata
  •  Cunninghamia lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook.
  •  Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng
  •  Taiwania cryptomerioides Hayata


 Dicotyledons


 Acanthaceae
  •  Strobilanthes cusia (Ness) Kuntze
  •  Strobilanthes flexicaulis Hayata  


 Aceraceae
  •  Acer insulare Makino var. caudatifolium (Hayata) S. Y. Lu & Y. P. Yang, comb. & stat. nov.
  •  Acer rubescens Hayata
  •  Acer serrulatum Hayata


 Actinidiaceae
  •  Actinidia callosa Lindl. var. callosa
  •  Actinidia chinensis Planch. var. setosa Li


 Anacardiaceae
  •  Rhus ambigua Lav. ex Dipped.


 Apiaceae
  •  Cryptotaenia japonica Hassk.
  •  Hydrocotyle setulosa Hayata
  •  Sanicula lamelligera Hance


 Apocynaceae
  •  Hoya carnosa (L. f.) R. Brown
  •  Marsdenia formosana Masam.
  •  Trachelospermum jasminoides (Lindl.) Lemaire


 Aquifoliaceae
  •  Ilex bioritsensis Hayata
  •  Ilex hayataiana Loes.
  •  Ilex pedunculosa Miq.
  •  Ilex tugitakayamensis Sasaki
  •  Ilex yunnanensis Fr. var. parvifolia (Hayata) S. Y. Hu


 Araliaceae
  •  Aralia bipinnata Blanco
  •  Aralia decaisneana Hance
  •  Dendropanax dentiger (Harms ex Diels) Merr.
  •  Fatsia polycarpa Hayata
  •  Hedera rhombea (Miq.) Bean var. formosana (Nakai) Li
  •  Schefflera taiwaniana (Nakai) Kanehira


Asteraceae
  •  Ainsliaea latifolia (D. Don) Sch. Bip. subsp. henryi (Diels) H. Koyama
  •  Anaphalis morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Artemisia indica Willd.
  •  Aster taiwanensis Kitam.
  •  Bidens bipinnata L.
  •  Bidens pilosa L. var. pilosa
  •  Bidens pilosa L. var. radiata Sch.
  •  Carpesium nepalense Less.
  •  Cirsium arisanense Kitam.
  •  Cirsium kawakamii Hayata
  •  Cosmos bipinnatus Cav.
  •  Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. var. canadensis
  •  Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore
  •  Dichrocephala integrifolia (L. f.) Kuntze
  •  Eupatorium cannabinum L. var. asiaticum Kitam.
  •  Farfugium japonicum (L.) Kitam. var. formosanum (Hayata) Kitam.
  •  Galinsoga quadriradiata Ruiz & Pav.
  •  Gnaphalium hypoleucum DC. var. hypoleucum
  •  Helianthus annuus L.
  •  Hypochaeris radicata L.
  •  Ixeridium laevigatum (Blume) J. H. Pak & Kawano
  •  Leucanthemum vulgare H. J. Lam.
  •  Myriactis humilis Merr.
  •  Picris hieracioides L. subsp. morrisonensis (Hayata) Kitam.
  •  Saussurea deltoidea (DC.) C. B. Clarke
  •  Senecio nemorensis L. var. dentatus (Kitam.) H. Koyama
  •  Senecio scandens Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don. var. scandens
  •  Solidago virgaurea L. var. leiocarpa (Benth.) A. Gray
  •  Sonchus asper (L.) Hill
  •  Youngia japonica (L.) DC. subsp. japonica


   Balanophoraceae
  •    Balanophora laxiflora Hemsl. ex Forbes & Hemsl


 Balsaminaceae
  •  Impatiens uniflora Hayata


  Berberidaceae
  •  Berberis kawakamii Hayata


 Betulaceae
  •  Alnus formosana (Burkill ex Forbes & Hemsl.) Makino


 Boraginaceae
  •  Cynoglossum alpestre Ohwi


 Brassicaceae
  •  Cardamine flexuosa With.
  •  Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern


 Campanulaceae
  •  Lobelia nummularia Lam.
  •  Wahlenbergia marginata (Thunb.) A. DC.


 Caprifoliaceae
  •  Lonicera acuminata Wall.
  •  Sambucus chinensis Lindl.
  •  Viburnum foetidum Wall. var. rectangulatum (Graebner) Rehder
  •  Viburnum sympodiale Graebner
  •  Viburnum urceolatum Sieb. et Zucc.


 Caryophyllaceae
  •  Cerastium arisanensis Hayata
  •  Silene baccifera (L.) Roth
  •  Stellaria media (L.) Cyrill var. media


 Celastraceae
  •  Celastrus hindsii Benth.
  •  Euonymus spraguei Hayata
  •  Perrottetia arisanensis Hayata


 Clusiaceae
  •  Hypericum japonicum Thunb. ex Murray


 Crassulaceae
  •  Sedum mexicanum Britt.


 Cucurbitaceae
  •  Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino


 Elaeocarpaceae
  •  Elaeocarpus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc.


 Ericaceae
  •  Gaultheria cumingiana Vidal
  •  Gaultheria itoana Hayata
  •  Lyonia ovalifolia (Wall.) Drude var.ovalifolia
  •  Pieris taiwanensis Hayata
  •  Rhododendron breviperulatum Hayata
  •  Rhododendron formosanum Hemsl.
  •  Rhododendron kawakamii Hayata
  •  Rhododendron latoucheae== Franch. & Finet
  •  Rhododendron oldhamii Maxim.
  •  Rhododendron pseudochrysanthum Hayata
  •  Rhododendron rubropilosum Hayata var. rubropilosum
  •  Vaccinium bracteatum Thunb.
  •  Vaccinium emarginatum Hayata
  •  Vaccinium japonicum Miq. var. lasiostemon Hayata
  •  Vaccinium randaiense Hayata


 Fabaceae
  •  Desmodium sequax Wall.
  •  Trifolium pratense L.
  •  Trifolium repens L.
  •  Vicia dasycarpa Ten.
  •  Vicia sativa L. subsp. nigra (L.) Ehrh.


 Fagaceae
  •  Castanopsis carlesii (Hemsl.) Hayata
  •  Lithocarpus amygdalifolius (Skain ex Forbes & Hemsl.) Hayata
  •  Lithocarpus kawakamii (Hayata) Schottky
  •  Quercus glauca Thunb. ex Murray
  •  Quercus morii Hayata
  •  Quercus stenophylloides Hayata


 Flacourtiaceae
  •  Idesia polycarpa Maxim.


 Fumariaceae
  •  Corydalis ophiocarpa Hook. f. & Thoms.


 Gentianaceae
  •  Gentiana arisanensis Hayata
  •  Gentiana davidii Franch. var. formosana (Hayata) T. N. Ho
  •  Tripterospermum cordifolium (Yamamoto) Satake
  •  Tripterospermum lanceolatum (Hayata) Hara ex Satake
  •  Tripterospermum taiwanense (Masam.) Satake


 Gesneriaceae
  •  Hemiboea bicornuta (Hayata) Ohwi
  •  Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. var. pauciflorus


 Illiciaceae
  •  Illicium anisatum L.


 Juglandaceae
  •  Juglans cathayensis Dode


 Labiatae
  •  Clinopodium chinense (Benth.) Kuntze
  •  Clinopodium gracile (Benth.) Kuntze
  •  Clinopodium laxiflorum (Hayata) Mori var. laxiflorum
  •  Melissa axillaris (Benth.) Bakh. f.


 Lardizabalaceae
  •  Stauntonia obovatifoliola Hayata


 Lauraceae
  •  Litsea acuminata (Bl.) Kurata
  •  Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Persoon
  •  Litsea elongata (Wall. ex Nees) Benth. & Hook. f. var. mushaensis (Hayata) J. C. Liao
  •  Machilus kusanoi Hayata
  •  Machilus thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Neolitsea acuminatissima (Hayata) Kanehira & Sasaki
  •  Neolitsea variabilima (Hayata) Kanehira & Sasaki


 Loranthaceae
  •  Scurrula lonicerifolia (Hayata) Danser
  •  Viscum angulatum Heyne
  •  Viscum articulatum Burm.


 Magnoliaceae
  •  Michelia compressa (Maxim.) Sargent var. formosana Kaneh.


 Malvaceae
  •  Hibiscus syriacus L.


 Melastomataceae
  •  Barthea barthei (Hance) Krass
  •  Sarcopyramis napalensis Wall. var. delicata (C. B. Robinson) S. F. Huang & T. C. Huang


 Myricaceae
  •  Myrica rubra (Lour.) Sieb. & Zucc.


 Myrsinaceae
  •  Ardisia crenata Sims
  •  Maesa japonica (Thunb.) Moritzi ex Zoll.
  •  Myrsine africana L.


 Oleaceae
  •  Osmanthus lanceolatus Hayata


 Onagraceae
  •  Epilobium amurense Hausskn. subsp. amurense


 Oxalidaceae
  •  Oxalis corniculata L.
  •  Oxalis corymbosa DC.


 Piperaceae
  •  Peperomia reflexa (L. f.) A. Dietr.


 Pittosporaceae
  •  Pittosporum illicioides Makino var. angustifolium Huang ex Lu
  •  Pittosporum illicioides Makino var. illicioides


 Plantaginaceae
  •  Plantago major L.


 Polygalaceae
  •  Polygala tatarinowii Regel


 Polygonaceae
  •  Polygonum chinense L. var. chinense
  •  Polygonum longisetum De Bruyn
  •  Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. ex Murray var. hypoleucum (Ohwi) Liu, Ying & Lai
  •  Polygonum nepalense Meisn.
  •  Polygonum runcinatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don
  •  Polygonum senticosum (Meisn.) Fr. & Sav.
  •  Polygonum thunbergii Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Polygonum yunnanense Leveille
  •  Rumex crispus L. var. japonicus (Houtt.) Makino


 Primulaceae
  •  Primula miyabeana Ito & Kawakami


 Pyrolaceae
  •  Pyrola morrisonensis (Hayata) Hayata


 Ranunculaceae
  •  Anemone vitifolia Buch.-Ham. ex DC.
  •  Clematis henryi Oliv. var. henryi
  •  Clematis meyeniana Walp.
  •  Ranunculus cantoniensis DC.


 Rhamnaceae
  •  Rhamnus chingshuiensis Shimizu var. tashanensis Liu & Wang


 Rosaceae
  •  Eriobotrya deflexa (Hemsl.) Nakai f. deflexa
  •  Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.
  •  Fragaria hayatai Makino
  •  Malus doumeri (Bois.) Chev. C. R. Ac. Sc.
  •  Photinia serratifolia (Desf.) Kalkman
  •  Prunus campanulata Maxim.
  •  Prunus mume (Sieb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
  •  Prunus phaeosticta (Hance) Maxim.
  •  Pyrus serotina Rehder
  •  Prunus taiwaniana Hayata
  •  Rosa transmorrisonensis Hayata
  •  Rubus corchorifolius L. f.
  •  Rubus croceacanthus Lévl. var. glaber Koidz.
  •  Rubus formosensis Ktze.
  •  Rubus mesogaeus Focke
  •  Rubus pectinellus Maxim.
  •  Rubus pungens Camb. var. pungens
  •  Rubus pyrifolius J. E. Sm.
  •  Rubus rolfei Vidal
  •  Rubus taitoensis Hayata var. aculeatiflorus (Hayata) H. Ohashi & Hsieh
  •  Rubus trianthus Focke


 Rubiaceae
  •  Damnacanthus angustifolius Hayata
  •  Damnacanthus indicus Gaertn.
  •  Galium echinocarpum Hayata
  •  Galium formosense Ohwi
  •  Nertera granadense (Mutis ex L. f.) Druce
  •  Ophiorrhiza japonica Blume
  •  Rubia lanceolata Hayata


 Rutaceae
  •  Boenninghausenia albiflora Reichenb.
  •  Tetradium glabrifolium (Champ. ex Benth.) T. Hartley
  •  Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.
  •  Zanthoxylum scandens Bl.


 Saxifragaceae
  •  Astilbe longicarpa (Hayata) Hayata
  •  Deutzia pulchra Vidal
  •  Hydrangea angustipetala Hayata
  •  Hydrangea integrifolia Hayata ex Matsum. & Hayata
  •  Hydrangea longifolia Hayata
  •  Hydrangea macrophylla (Thunb.) Ser.
  •  Saxifraga stolonifera Meerb.


 Sabiaceae
  •  Sabia transarisanensis Hayata


 Salicaceae
  •  Salix fulvopubescens Hayata var. fulvopubescens


 Schisandraceae
  •  Kadsura japonica (L.) Dunal
  •  Schisandra arisanensis Hayata


 Scrophulariaceae
  •  Digitalis purpurea L.
  •  Ellisiophyllum pinnatum (Wall. ex Benth.) Makino
  •  Euphrasia transmorrisonensis Hayata
  •  Hemiphragma heterophyllum Wall.


 Solanaceae
  •  Lycianthes lysimachioides (Wall.) Bitter
  •  Solanum americanum Miller
  •  Solanum nigrum L.


 Stachyuraceae
  •  Stachyurus himalaicus Hook. f. & Thomson ex Benth.


 Symplocaceae
  •  Symplocos arisanensis Hayata
  •  Symplocos heishanensis Hayata
  •  Symplocos morrisonicola Hayata
  •  Symplocos stellaris Brand
  •  Symplocos wikstroemiifolia Hayata


 Theaceae
  •  Adinandra formosana Hayata
  •  Adinandra lasiostyla Hayata
  •  Camellia transnokoensis Hayata
  •  Cleyera japonica Thunb. var. longicarpa (Yamamoto) Ling & Hsieh
  •  Cleyera japonica Thunb. var. morii (Yamamoto) Masam.
  •  Eurya glaberrima Hayata var. glaberrima
  •  Eurya gnaphalocarpa Hayata
  •  Eurya hayatae Yamamoto
  •  Eurya leptophylla Hayata
  •  Eurya loquaiana Dunn
  •  Eurya strigillosa Hayata
  •  Gordonia axillaris (Roxb.) Dietr.
  •  Schima superba Gard. & Champ. var. superba
  •  Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arn.) Sprague


 Trochodendraceae
  •  Trochodendron aralioides Sieb. & Zucc.


 Ulmaceae
  •  Ulmus uyematsui Hayata
  •  Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino


 Urticaceae
  •  Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen
  •  Elatostema lineolatum Wight var. majus Wedd.
  •  Elatostema microcephalanthum Hayata
  •  Gonostegia hirta (Bl.) Miq.
  •  Lecanthus peduncularis (Wall. ex Royle) Wedd.
  •  Oreocnide pedunculata (Shirai) Masam.
  •  Pilea angulata (Bl.) Bl.
  •  Pilea aquarum Dunn subsp. brevicornuta (Hayata) C. J. Chen
  •  Pilea funkikensis Hayata
  •  Pilea plataniflora C. H. Wright
  •  Urtica thunbergiana Sieb. & Zucc.


 Verbenaceae
  •  Callicarpa formosana Rolfe var. formosana
  •  Callicarpa randaiensis Hayata


 Violaceae
  •  Viola confusa Champ. ex Benth.
  •  Viola diffusa Ging.
  •  Viola formosana Hayata var. formosana
  •    Viola mandshurica W. Becker


Vitaceae
  • Ampelopsis glandulosa (Wall.) Mom. var. hancei (Planch.) Mom.
  • Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep.
  • Tetrastigma umbellatum (Hemsl.) Nakai


Monocotyledons


Araceae
  • Arisaema consanguineum Schott
  • Arisaema formosanum (Hayata) Hayata
  • Arisaema taiwanense J. Murata


Cyperaceae
  • Carex baccans Nees
  • Trichophorum subcapitatum (Thwaites & Hook.) D. A. Simpson


Iridaceae
  • Iris formosana Ohwi


Juncaceae
  • Juncus effusus L.
  • Juncus triflorus Ohwi


Liliaceae
  • Aletris formosana Hayata
  • Hemerocallis fulva L. var. aurantiacea (Baker) Hotta
  • Lilium longiflorum Thunb. var. formosanum Baker
  • Ophiopogon intermedius D. Don


 Orchidaceae
  • Dendrobium moniliforme (L.) Sw.
  • Epigeneium nakaharai (Schltr.) Surnmerh.
  • Platanthera brevicalcarata Hayata


Poaceae
  • Bromus catharticus Vahl
  • Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
  • Miscanthus sinensis Andersson
  • Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv.
  • Poa annua L.
  • Yushania niitakayamensis (Hayata) Keng f.


Smilacaceae
  • Heterosmilax indica A. DC.
  • Smilax china L. *
  • Smilax menispermoidea subsp. randaiensis (Hayata) T. Koyama *
  • Smilax vaginata Decne. *